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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) — or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) — are generally acquired by sexual contact. The bacteria, viruses or parasites that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. Sometimes these infections can be transmitted nonsexually, such as from mothers to their infants during pregnancy or childbirth, or through blood transfusions or shared needles. STIs don't always cause symptoms. It's possible to contract sexually transmitted infections from people who seem perfectly healthy and may not even know they have an infection.
Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in human caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is pathogenic to humans who are its only natural host, and it is responsible for the disease Gonorrhea.Symptoms of infection with N.gonorrhoeae differ, depending on the site of infection.
Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted pathogen implicated in urethritis in men and several inflammatory reproductive tract syndromes in women. M.genitalium lacks a cellwall, and thus antibiotics targeting cell-wall biosynthesis (e.g.,beta-lactamsincluding penicillins and cephalosporins)are in effective against this organism. Given the diagnostic challenges, treatment of most M.genitalium infections will occur in the context of syndromic management for urethritis, cervicitis.
Trichomoniasis is one of the most common STIs caused by a small organism called Trichomonas vaginalis. Women are most often affected by this disease,although men can become infected and pass the infection to their partners through sexual contact.
Gardnerella vaginalis is the specific type of bacteria strain that causes a vaginal infection onthe female genital tract, called bacterial vaginosis or simply, BV. This bacterium is usually harmless, however, when they start to multiply, they may cause some serious health symptoms.
Herpes simplex (Type 1 & Type 2) virus
Herpes simplex (Type 1 & Type 2), which is transmitted through oral secretions or sores on the skin, can be spread through kissing or sharing objects such as tooth brushes or eating utensils. In general, a person can only get herpes type2 infections during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.
Urea plasma urealyticum/Parum
Urea plasma urealyticum is part of the normal genital flora of both men and women.It is found in about 70% of sexually active humans.
Technique: Multiplex real-time PCR based on Taqman Technology.